Biographical Overview

Francesco Maria Galassi, MD, is a paleopathologist at Zurich University’s Institute of Evolutionary Medicine (Switzerland), where he serves as researcher [Assistent] and Principal Investigator of the Italian Paleopathology Project. He is Senior Research Associate in Archaeology at the University of Flinders. He graduated from the University of Bologna and has collected research experiences at the University of Oxford and Imperial College London, developing from an early stage a profound interest for medical history and the antiquity of disease. Besides studying osteological remains and mummies, he specialises in the philologico-clinical analysis of ancient texts in order to identify the historical presentation and evolution of diseases throughout history. Following his 2015 acclaimed medical reassessment of the disease of Julius Caesar in which he questioned the traditionally accepted diagnosis of epilepsy, he has worked to expand  this field of research by turning it into a branch of paleopathology, by the name of Paleopathography. An adamant believer in the necessity of an archeological and philological approach to past medical conditions in order to positively influence current clinical research, Dr Galassi counts among his famous retrospective diagnoses Dante Alighieri and Alaric I. Aged only 28, Francesco M. Galassi is one of the youngest paleopathologists in the world and an expert in the field of palaeomedicine. Francesco’s studies have received worldwide attention in quality papers such Forbes Magazine, The Guardian, The Telegraph and he regularly features in the press and radio-TV programs as commentator of paleopathological research. In January 2017, he has been included in the Forbes 30 Under 30 Science and Health Europe List.


Personal Details

Birthday: 10th May 1989

Place of Birth: Rimini (Italy)

Nationality: Italian


-Senior Research Associate, College of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, University of Flinders, Adelaide, Australia.

-Assistent at the Institute of Evolutionary Medicine, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

-Scientific Board Member, School of Medical History, Medical and Dental Association of the Province of Rimini - Via Flaminia 185, 47923 Rimini, RN, Italy.




2015: Italian medical license

16-28 March 2015: Neuroanatomy internship, Utrecht Medisch Centrum, Utrecht, NL

October 2008-October 2014: M.D. (Dr. med.), University of Bologna

4 August-26 September 2014: 2-month Internship at the Neuropathology Unit, The Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford University, Oxford, UK

5-16 August 2013: Neural Circuit Development and Plasticity and Neuroscience Methods for the Social Sciences, Utrecht University Summer School, Utrecht, NL

June-July 2010 (5 weeks): Gross Anatomy Course, NYU (New York University), NYC, USA

2003 – 2008: Liceo Classico “G. Cesare-Manara Valgimigli”, Rimini, Italy

Work Experience

31 March-17 May 2015: Co-worker at the Department of Surgery and Cancer Imperial College London: Surgery, Medical Classics and History of Medicine

2010-2013: Tutor of human anatomy (University of Bologna)

October 2012-August 2015: Collaborator on research projects (“Luigi Cattaneo” Museum of Anatomical Waxes, University of Bologna)

Core Research Interests

Palaeopathology, Palaeopathography, Human Anatomy, History of Medicine and Anatomy, Physical Anthropology, Anatomic Pathology, Anatomical Wax models.


January 2017 In the Forbes 30 Under 30 Science and Healthcare Europe List []

December 2016: Corresponding Academic of the 1651-established “Rubiconia Accademia dei Filopatridi” (Savignano sul Rubicone, FC, Italy)

December 2015: Menzione Speciale dell'Amministrazione Comunale di Santarcangelo di Romagna (RN, Italia) "per le prestigiose pubblicazioni dell’anno 2015 nell’ambito di un’attività scientifica ad altissimo livello in qualità di paleopatologo presso l’Istituto di Medicina Evoluzionistica dell’Università di Zurigo" [Special Mention prize by the Santarcangelo di Romagna (Rimini, Italy) municipality on account of “the prestigious 2015 publications in the context of a scientific level at the highest level as paleopathologist at Zurich University’s Institute of Evolutionary Medicine”]

October 2009: Albo Nazionale delle Eccellenze (Seconda Fascia di Merito) [List of top students of the Italian Republic, 2nd class]

October 2007:  Albo Nazionale delle Eccellenze (Prima Fascia di Merito) [List of top students of the Italian Republic, 1st class]


Educational Talks

De Morboso Ortu Antiquarum Fabularum Oratio. [On the pathological origin of ancient myths. Talk given in Latin]. Liceo Classico G. Cesare, Rimini, Italy, June 2015.

Più alto e più grasso della nonna e del nonno. [Taller and fatter than our grandfather and grandmother]. Talk for primary school students, Tessin, Switzerland. October 10, 2016.


Talks in co-organized symposia

Latest Anthropological and Palaeopathological Discoveries from the Land of the Pharaohs. IEM-Egyptian Turin Museum, Project Status Report, Egyptian Turin Museum, Turin, Italy, September 25, 2017.

Paleopatografia di Federico da Montefeltro. [Eng. Palaeopathography of Federico of Montefeltro]. Federico da Montefeltro. Biografia medica di un condottiero rinascimentale. Biblioteca Malatestiana, Cesena, Italy, February 10, 2017.

Analisi paleopatografica della causa mortis di Boccaccio. [Eng. Palaeopathographical analysis of Boccaccio’s causa mortis]. L’Ultima novella di Boccaccio. L’enigma della morte, un viaggio tra poesia e medicina. Biblioteca Malatestiana, Cesena, Italy, June 26, 2017.


Conference presentations as speaker


Pathographie de Personagges Religieux en Italie. – 7e  Congrès International de Pathographie. Martigues, France, 8-10 September, 2017.


Palaeopathography and Palaeopathology: a joint hunt for the antiquity of disease. Recreating science and mapping diseases. Workshop on Scientific Museology, Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Careggi University Hospital, Careggi, Florence, Italy, May 26, 2017.


The Gout of Duke Federico of Montefeltro (1422 - 1482): combining historical sources and osteological evidence – PPA North American Meeting. New Orleans, Louisiana, April 17-19, 2017.                                                             


Medieval Mummies: the next interdisciplinary frontier for paleopathology and the case of the Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne (742 - 814) - Advancing Frontiers: Where the Next 50 Years of SHA Begins (Society for Historical Archaeology). Fort Worth, Texas, USA. January 4-8, 2017.


Uric acid and CV disease: an historical perspective. Uric Acid Cardiovascular Disease: Back to Pathophysiology. University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. December 2, 2016.

A Multidisciplinary Palaeo-pathographic Reassessment of the Decline and Demise of Giovanni Boccaccio. 2016 American Boccaccio Association Triennial Conference, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA. October 1, 2016.                                                 

Pathography as an ally of Paleopathology: from clinical vignettes to an insightful interdisciplinary research tool. The 21st European Meeting of the Paleopathology Association. Moscow, Russia. August 18, 2016.


Morphology and Pathology of the Temporal Artery in Artistic Representations. Death, Art and Anatomy Conference, Winchester, UK. June 3, 2016.

Neuroanatomy of Equality: Luigi Calori’s struggle for truth and integrity in science. Amazing Models Symposium, Bologna, Italy, May 2014.       


Lectiones magistrales

 Le malattie dei Grandi: Giulio Cesare e l’arte patografica. [Eng. Diseases of Great Historical Figures: Julius Caesar and the pathographic art]. Rubiconia Accademia dei Filopatridi, Savignano sul Rubicone, Italy. April  17, 2016.

Patobiografia e osteologia di Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta (1417-1468). [Eng. Pathobiography and osteology of Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta (1417-1468)]. “Paleopatologia e paleopatografia della famiglia Malatesta” Congress [invited lecturer alongside Professor Gino Fornaciari, University of Pisa]. Archeological Museum, Rimini, Italy. February 11, 2017.

Keynote Lecture

Wax modelling at Bologna: an epic journey through pathology. Ceroplastics. International Congress on Wax Modelling. The Godon Museum of Pathology, King’s College London, London, UK. September 1-3, 2017.


Invited Lectures

Malattie nell’Antico Egitto. Paleopatologia e paleopatografia all’ombra delle Piramidi. [Eng. Diseases in Ancient Egypt. Palaeopathology and palaeopathography in the shadow of the Pyramids]. Centro Italiano Studi Egittologi, Circolo Sersanti, Imola, Italy, September 22, 2017.


Le Malattie dei Grandi del Passato: una lezione per la medicina del futuro. [Eng. Diseases of ancient great characters: a lession for medicine of the future]. I Giovedì del QuVi.  Department for Life Quality Studies, University of Bologna-Rimini Campus, Rimini, Italy, June 22, 2017.


L’histoire de la goutte: Un cas patient historique. La goutte du duc Federico de Montefeltro (1422 - 1482): combinaison des sources historiques et des preuves ostéologiques. [Eng. The History of Gout: the case of a historical patient. The gout of Duke Frederic of Montefeltro (1422-1482): combination of historical sources and osteological evidence”. “Gout through the ages” 2nd SGAIM Frühjahrskongress 2017, (organized by Menarini Switzerland),  Lausanne, Switzerland, May 4, 2017.


Giovanni Boccaccio’s last tale: the Enigma of his death. University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts, USA, April 21, 2017.


From mummies to medical records: a physician’s journey through paleopathology and ancient history. University of West Florida Campus, Pensacola, Florida, USA, April 15, 2017.


Síndrome de Stendhal: história de uma doença. [Eng. Stendhal Syndrome: History of a Disease]. Casa Museu Dr. Anastácio Gonçalves, Lisbon, Portugal, April 11, 2017.


Doenças de grandes personagens históricos: aspectos forenses e patológicos. [Eng. Diseases of famous historical characters: forensic and pathological aspects]. Instituto Superior para Ciências da Saúde, Monte da Caparica, Almada, Portugal, April 10, 2017.


Doenças de personagens históricos famosos: uma viagem através da paleomedicina [Eng. Diseases of famous historical characters: a journey through palaeomedicine]. Museu Nacional de Arquelogia, Lison, Portugal, April 9, 2017.

Paleopatografia: doenças de personagens históricas famosas e novas perspectivas para a Medicina Evolutiva”. [Eng. Palaeopathography: diseases of famous historical characters and new perspectives for Evolutionary Medicine] Biblioteca Histórica da Ordem dos Médicos, Lisbon, Portugal, April 8, 2017.

 Diseases of Great Historical Characters and Wonders of Paleomedicine”. The Gordon Museum of Pathology, King’s College London, March 9, 2017, London, UK.                     


Le Malattie dei Grandi del Passato e le frontiere della Paleopatologia [Eng. “Diseases of great figures of the past and the frontiers of paleopathology”] –“Antonio Baldini” Library. Santarcangelo di Romagna, RN, Italy.  December 3, 2016.                                                                            


Le Malattie dei Grandi hanno influenzato la storia? [Eng. “Have the diseases of great historical figures influenced history?”] Rotary Club Rimini, Rimini, Italy. October  6, 2016.  


Giovanni Boccaccio's last tale: the enigma of his death. College of the Holy Cross. Worcester, Massachusetts.  September 27, 2016.                                                                                     


Diseases of Famous Historical Figures: a Journey through Palaeomedicine. University of West Florida, Tryon Branch Library, Pensacola, Florida (USA). September 26, 2016.         


Grandi Uomini, Grandi Malattie. [Eng. “Great Men, Great Diseases”]. Malatestiana Library, Cesena, Italy. July 8, 2016.


Congress Organisation


Member the scientific and organising boards of the International Anatomical Wax Models Congress (President: Dr Roberta Ballestriero) The Gordon Museum of Pathology, King’s College London, London, UK, September 1-3, 2017.

[The 1st international meeting on anatomical waxes in 40 years - ]



Total Number of Publications (Articles and Books) = 49                      

Total Impact Factor = 245.953


Egyptological studies


Galassi FM, Henneberg M, de Herder W, Rühli F, Habicht ME. Oldest case of gigantism? Assessment of the alleged remains of Sa-Nakht, king of ancient Egypt. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2017 Aug;5(8):580-581 [Impact Factor= 19.742]


Habicht  ME, Bianucci R, Buckley SA, Fletcher J, Bouwman AS, Öhrström LM, Seiler R, Galassi FM, Hajdas I, Vassilika E, Böni T, Rühli FJ. Queen Nefertari, the Royal Spouse of Pharaoh Ramses II: A Multidisciplinary Investigation of the Mummified Remains Found in Her Tomb (QV66). 2016 30;11(11):e0166571.[IF = 3.54]                                                                                                        

Galassi FM, Habicht ME, Rühli FJ. Poliomyelitis in Ancient Egypt? Neurol Sci 2017;38(2):375. [IF = 1.749]

Galassi FM, Böni T, Rühli FJ, Habicht ME. Fight-or-flight Response in the ancient Egyptian novel "Sinuhe" (c. 1800 BCE). Auton Neurosci. 2016;195:27-8. [IF = 2.225]

Galassi FM. On the Face and Identity of the Great Sphinx of Giza: A Medico-Anthropological Review. Shemu; 2014;18(3): 1-4.

Galassi FM, Lazzarini L, Ashrafian H. Herodotean Anthropology: Review of the account comparing Egyptian and Persian skulls in Antiquity. Shemu; 2015;19(3):1-4.

Gautschy R, Habicht ME, Rutica D, Galassi FM, Rühli FJ. A new astronomical based chronological model for the Egyptian Old Kingdom. Journal of Egyptian History, In press, 2017.

Habicht ME*, Galassi FM*, Öhrström LM, Bouman AS, Hajdas I, Rühli FJ. Multidisciplinary investigation of the alleged remains of Pharaoh Unas (5th Dynasty, Old Kingdom). Antiquity. In press, 2018. [IF= 1.536]   *[co-1st author]


Habicht ME*, Eppenberger PE* Galassi FM*, Rühli FJ, Henneberg M. Queen Meresankh III- the oldest case of bilateral Silent Sinus Syndrome (c. 2620/10 – 2570 BC)? Anthropologie (CZ), In press, 2017.

*[co-1st author]


Habicht ME, Galassi FM, Rühli FJ, Henneberg M. Family interrelation suggestions of the Kings and Queens of Egypt - based on Euclidean Distances. Festschrift Rainer Hannig. Roemer und Pelizaeus Museum Hildesheim, In press, 2018.

Galassi FM, Habicht ME, Bouwman A, Rühli FJ. The Canopic Jar Project: Interdisciplinary analysis of ancient mummified viscera. CIPEG Journal, In press, 2017/2018.


Palaeopathological and Historico-Medical Studies


Armocida E, Galassi FM. "Aulo Donati (1916-2007): l'esperienza di medico neo-laureato maturata durante la battaglia di El Alamein (1942) ed il periodo di prigionia in Egitto (1942-1946)". Biografie Mediche, 2017 (7): 9-12.


Galassi FM, Habicht ME, Rühli FJ, De Carolis S. A Unique Case of Stroke and Upper Limb Paralysis in a Mid-18th Century Natural Mummy. Circ Res. 2017;121(4):338-340.  [IF= 13.965]


Galassi FM, Toscano F, Armocida E, Spani G, Papio M, Rühli FJ. Giovanni Boccaccio’s (1313 – 1375) Disease and Demise: The Final Untold Tale of Liver and Heart Failure. HOMO. 2017;68(4):289-297. [IF = 0.655]


Seiler R, Galassi FM, Rühli FJ.  Fauchard, Boerhaave and the Pathogenesis of Periodontitis in the 17th and 18th Centuries. Eur J Oral Sci. 2017;125(3):227-228. [IF = 1.54]

Eppenberger P, Galassi FM, Rühli FJ. A brief pictorial and historical introduction to guaiacum - from a putative cure for syphilis to an actual screening method for colorectal cancer. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 2017; 83(9):2118-2119. [IF= 3.493]


Perciaccante A, Coralli A, Galassi FM, Rühli FJ, Bianucci R. Tailor’s bunion in “Agony in the Garden” by Perugino. Italian journal of anatomy and embryology, 2017;122, 1: 72-74.  [IF = 0.5]

 Charlier P, Galassi FM, Bouabdallah F, Deo S. A medical training skull in a portrait attributed to Annibale Carracci (ca. 1580-85). J Neurol Sci. 2017;375:402-403. [IF = 2.295]


Galassi FM, Borghi C, Ballestriero R, Habicht ME, Henneberg M, Rühli FJ. Palaeopathology of the earlobe crease (Frank's sign): New insights from Renaissance art. Int J Cardiol. 2017; 1;236:82-84. [IF = 6.189]

Galassi FM, Baker L, Ballestriero R, Rühli FJ. The Death of Madame Marie Tussaud (1761 – 1850): a cardio-respiratory interpretation. Lancet Respir Med. 2016;4(12):955.  [IF = 19.287]

Galassi FM, Henneberg M, Rühli FJ. The history of prion disease. Lancet Neurol. 2016;15(12):1211 [IF = 26.284]                                                                                                                                         

Traversari M, Ballestriero R, Galassi FM. A likely case of goiter in the Madonna col Bambino dormiente (1465/1470) by Andrea Mantegna (1431-1506). J Endocrinol Invest. 2016; 40(2):237-238. [IF = 2.633]


Galassi FM, Henneberg M, Habicht ME, Rühli FJ. Diphallia in the Ancient World: Insights From a Pompeian Fresco (70-79 AD). Urology. 2016;97:281-282 [IF = 2.309]                 


Toscano F, Spani G, Papio M, Rühli FJ, Galassi FM. A Case of Sudden Death in Decameron IV.6: Aortic Dissection or Atrial Myxoma? Circ Res. 2016;119(2):187-9. [IF = 13.965]


Galassi FM, Armocida E, Rühli FJ. Angelman Syndrome in the Portrait of a Child With a Drawing by Giovanni F. Caroto. JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(9):831 [IF = 9.5]


Perciaccante A, Rühli FJ, Galassi FM, Bianucci R. Gangrene, amputation, and allogeneic transplantation in the fifth century AD: A pictorial representation. J Vasc Surg. 2016; 64(3):824-5. [IF = 3.536]


Galassi FM, Habicht ME, Rühli FJ. Henry VIII's head trauma. Lancet Neurol. 2016;15(6):552. [IF = 26.284]


Traversari M, Rühli FJ, Gruppioni G, Galassi FM. The "Lost Caravaggio": a probable case of goiter in seventeenth-century Italy. J Endocrinol Invest. 2016;39(10):1203-4. [IF= 2.633]


Galassi FM, Bianucci R, Gorini G, Paganotti GM, Habicht ME, Rühli FJ. The sudden death of Alaric I (c. 370-410AD), the vanquisher of Rome: A tale of malaria and lacking immunity. Eur J Intern Med. 2016;31:84-7. [IF = 2.960]


Galassi FM, Rühli F, Ashrafian H. Alexander of Tralles and the first portrayal of a placebo by illusion in the 6th century AD. Clin Trials. 2016;13(4):450.  [IF = 2.715]


Rühli FJ, Galassi FM, Haeusler M. Palaeopathology: Current challenges and medical impact. Clin Anat. 2016;29(7):816-22. [IF = 1.824]

Galassi FM, Habicht ME, Rühli FJ. Dante Alighieri's narcolepsy. Lancet Neurol. 2016;15(3):245.  [IF = 26.284]


Galassi FM, Gruppioni G, Ruggeri A, Bianucci R, Rühli FJ. Luigi Calori (1807-1896). J Neurol. 2016;263(8):1681-2. [IF = 3.389]


Galassi FM, Rühli FJ. A case of temporal arteritis in Filippino Lippi's (1459-1504) Saint Frediano? Clin Rheumatol. 2016;35(7):1891-2. [IF = 2.365]


Armocida E, Böni T, Rühli FJ, Galassi FM. Does acromegaly suffice to explain the origin of Pulcinella? A novel interpretation. Eur J Intern Med. 2016;28:e16-7.[IF = 2.960]


Galassi FM, Rühli FJ. Depiction of differential etiologies of dwarfism by Il Veronese (1528-1588). J Endocrinol Invest. 2016 May;39(5):593-4. [IF = 2.633]


Galassi FM, Galassi S. A case of Horton's disease (with its potential neurological symptoms) depicted in a portrait by Andrea Mantegna. Neurol Sci. 2016;37(1):147-8. [IF = 1.749]


Galassi FM, Galassi S. Teofilo Folengo's facial paralysis and unknown demise. Neurol Sci. 2015;36(10):1961-2.  [IF = 1.749]


Ashrafian H, Galassi FM, Harling L. Medusa's Head and Ancient Aristotelian Biology. JAMA Psychiatry. 2015;72(6):625. [IF = 15.3]


Galassi FM, Galassi S. Shut Phimosis in the Priapus Fresco From Pompeii. Urology. 2015;85(6):1521-2. [IF = 2.309]


Galassi FM, Borghi C. A brief history of uric acid: From gout to cardiovascular risk factor. Eur J Intern Med. 2015;26(5):373. [IF = 2.960]


Galassi FM.The Bologna opoectodymus: a rediscovered case of conjoined twins. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2015;18(2):217. [IF = 1.314]


Galassi FM, Gelsi R. Methodological limitations of an etiological framing of Ariarathes' goitre: response to Tekiner et al. J Endocrinol Invest. 2015;38(5):569. [IF = 2.633]


Galassi FM, Ashrafian H. Has the diagnosis of a stroke been overlooked in the symptoms of Julius Caesar? Neurol Sci. 2015;36(8):1521-2. [IF = 1.749]


Gelsi R, Ruggeri A, Petti K, Ashrafian H, Keding L, Fini F, Rühli FJ, Galassi FM (2015). The mermaid models of the Bologna wax collection. HAPS EDucator, 20(1):56-58.


Galassi FM, Ruggeri A, Kevin P, Ashrafian H. Marvels of the Bologna Anatomical Wax Museum: their theoretical and clinical importance in the training of 21st century medical students. HAPS EDucator Journal of the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society; 2015; 19(2):4-9. [With cover page].

Galassi FM, Ruggeri A, Petti K. The Ercole Lelli horseshoe kidney wax model. Cover image and description. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, CJASN April 2016;11(4).(IF = 4.7)

Fornaciari A, Giuffra V, Armocida E, Caramella D, Rühli FJ, Galassi FM. The Antiquity of Gout: novel insights from the notable case of the Renaissance Duke Federico of Montefeltro (1422-1482). Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology. In press, 2017/2018 [IF = 2.5]



Popular Science publications:

Galassi FM, Ashrafian H. Julius Caesar’s Disease. A new Diagnosis. Pen & Sword Books  –November 2016.


Galassi FM. Un mondo senza vaccini? La vera storia. C1V Edizioni, Rome, 2017 [In preparation]


Galassi FM, Killgrove K. Disease and Demise. Medical biographies of ancient figures. Pen and Sword Books, 2018/2019 [In preparation]


Galassi FM, Spani G, Papio M. Giovanni Boccaccio’s Disease. Pen and Sword Books, 2018/2019 [In preparation]

Literary Publications:


Galassi FM. Fragments. Frammenti letterari di varie lingue. With parallel English text. Edited by David L. Smith. Il Ponte Vecchio, 2015.





At the University of Zurich [2015 – present]:

Human Osteoarchaeology

Blockkurs Basic – Palaeopathography section

Blockkurs Basic – Palaeopathology section

Human Osteoarchaeology

Paläopathologisches Kolloquium

Teaching activities at Foreign Institutions (with no financial compensation):

The College of the Holy Cross (Worcester, Massachusetts, USA) [2016/2017]

Musée Quai Branly-Université Paris Descartes (Paris, France) [2017]   



Editorial Board Member:

Collana di Storia della Medicina. L’Erma di Bretschneider.                     



International Journal of Forensic Sciences & Criminal Behaviour.  



Reviewer for:

Academic journals

Annals of Internal Medicine [IF=16.440]; International Journal of Cardiology [IF= 6.189] ; Progress in Biophysics & Molecular Biology [IF= 3.227]; Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology [IF=2.973];  Journal of the Neurological Sciences [IF =2.295]; Early Human Development [IF=1.913]; Neurological Sciences [IF=1.783]; Rheumatology International [IF=1.702]; Science and Engineering Ethics [IF = 1.454]; Clinical Anatomy [IF=1.316]; Medical Hypothesis [IF =1.066]; Anthropologischer Anzeiger [IF = 0.676].

Academic publishing houses:

CRC Press - Taylor & Francis Group

Scientific Societies [regular member]

The Royal Society of Medicine, International Society for the History of Medicine, Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Anthropologie, The Classical Association, Paleopathology Association, American Association of Anatomists, Società Italiana di Storia della Medicina, American Boccaccio Association, The European Society for the History of Oncology, Gruppo Italiano di Paleopatologia.


Cultural Associations

Associazione Terre Centuriate Cesenati  [ad honorem member]

Egyptian Society of South Africa  [ad honorem and corresponding member]

Centro Italiano di Studi Egittologi  [ad honorem member]



Rubiconia Accademia dei Filopatridi  [corresponding member]


Selected Press Outlets:


Forbes, September 2017,

Newsweek, July 2017,

O Público, April 2017,

El Pais, February 2017,

Forbes, October 2016

Forbes, October 2016

Forbes, June 2016

Forbes, March 2016

La Repubblica, February 2016

El Pais, January 2016 :

The Telegraph, November 2015:

Discovery News, October 2015:

Forbes, June 2015:

Discovery News, June 2015:

Forbes, May 2015:

El Pais, April 2015:

Discovery News, April 2015:

The Guardian, April 2015:

TV / Youtube /FB live streaming:

Caesar’s Strokes and the Fate of an Empire - Classics Confidential - May 2015:

Cesena: Medicina evolutiva, la storia come chiave della conoscenza – Teleromagna - July 2016

La palaeopatologia e la paleopatografia – 7GoldTelePadova – February 2017

La paleopatologia ed il ritorno delle malattie dell’antichità – Oxygen Facebook



Historische Gemälde zeigen Verbreitung von Krankheiten. [Interview with Deutschlandradio]

[July 2016]




Native: Italian

Other languages [different levels of fluency]: English, French, Spanish, German, Dutch, Latin, Ancient Greek

Medico e paleopatologo, profondo conoscitore della storia antica e delle lingue classiche, Assistente presso l’Università di Zurigo (Svizzera) e Senior Research Associate presso l’Università di Flinders (Australia), Co-Fondatore e Membro del Comitato Scientifico della Scuola di Storia della Medicina dell'Ordine dei Medici di Rimini, con precedenti esperienze di ricerca presso l’Università di Oxford e l’Imperial College di Londra. 
Autore di numerosissime pubblicazioni storico-mediche su importanti riviste scientifiche internazionali e co-autore del libro Julius Caesar’s disease. A New Diagnosis. 
Ha tenuto conferenze e seminari presso prestigiose istituzioni quali il Gordon Museum of Pathology, l’Université Paris Descartes, la Duke University, il Museu Nacional de Arqueologia di Lisbona. 
Membro di numerose accademie e società scientifiche, tra cui la Royal Society of Medicine. 
La sua attività di ricerca è stata recensita sulle maggiori testate nazionali ed internazionali. 
Enfant prodige della paleopatologia, nel 2017 la rivista americana Forbes lo ha incluso nella lista dei 30 scienziati under 30 più influenti in Europa

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